Hell According To The Bible
by Karen R. Bowman


The term "hell" according to the dictionary and also in common usage means the place of further punishment. The true question is what does the Bible mean when the word "hell" is used. It is obvious that the Bible was not originally written in English. The Old Testament was written in Hebrew. The New Testament is often stated to have been originally written in Greek. However, when one considers that Jesus stated in Matthew 15:24 "I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel", it is not believable that the original words of Jesus quoted in the Gospels were stated in Greek. The language of the Israelites at that time was Aramaic. Indeed, the Gospels were originally written in Aramaic, "a later Hebrew". Aramaic was a modern Semitic language with Hebrew roots. After A.D. 70, the number of Aramaic speaking Christians was a small proportion of the Christians compared to the number of Greek Christians and therefore, the Greek translation of the Gospels survived. The remainder of the New Testament was originally written in Greek.

In this study, the King James Version of the Bible will be referred to. The King James Version of the Bible was a translation of the Bible into English done between 1604 and 1611 by 47 scholars of the Church of England. The Old Testament was translated from Hebrew and the New Testament was translated from the Greek. However, the gold standard is the original words of the Bible before translation. In order to understand the Bible, the true definition of terms from the original languages must be examined.

In the Old Testament of the King James Version, three different words were used to translate Sheol, the Hebrew word, which means the present state of death. Sheol was translated to be the word, "hell", thirty-one times. This is a problem because Sheol does not mean place of further punishment. Sheol was translated to the word, "grave", thirty-one times. Sheol was translated to the word, "pit", two times. Since the original word was Sheol, and only the translated words vary, it is not possible to denote separate meanings to the words, "hell", "grave", and "pit".

Prior to the death of Christ, Sheol included both the abode for the unsaved, and the abode for the saved, Paradise. This is demonstrated in Psalms 16:10. Psalms 16:10 states: "For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell: neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption." David was stating in the Old Testament that his soul would be in hell for a time, but his soul would leave hell. In Psalms 49:15, David further states: "But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah." Peter in his sermon regarding David and Jesus in Acts 2:30-31 explained Psalms 16:10 in the following manner: "Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption."

In the New Testament of the King James Version, the opposite situation exists. The same word, "hell", was the translated word of choice when either the original word, Tartaros, or the original word, Hades, or the original word, Gehenna, had been used. Therefore, reading the word, "hell", in the New Testament does not provide the added meaning of Tartaros, Hades, or Gehenna. Only by knowing which verses had each word in the original Bible, is it possible to fully understand the scripture. Tartaros was translated as "hell" in 2 Peter 2:4. Tartaros was not Hades, or Gehenna. It is the abode of angels that had sinned who were delivered into chains of darkness until judgment.

The verses, Acts 2:30-31, in the New Testament, as has been previously discussed, were quotes from Psalms 16:10. The word "hell" in these verses in Acts is equivalent to Sheol from the Old Testament. Actually, in the original version of the New Testament in Greek, the word used was Hades. Therefore, Hades is equivalent to Sheol. Other verses in the New Testament where Hades was translated as "hell" were Matt. 11:23; 16:18; Luke 10:15; 16:23; Rev. 1:18; 6:8; 20:13; and 20:14. It is worth repeating, Sheol does not mean place of future punishment. Therefore, Hades does not mean place of future punishment. Both Hades and Sheol mean the present state of death.

The verses in the New Testament of the King James Version in which Gehenna was translated as "hell" are: Matt. 5:22, 29-30; 10:28; 18:9; 23:15, 33; Mark 9: 43, 45, 47; Luke 12:5; James 3:6. Gehenna is the lake of fire described by Jesus in Matt. 25:41.

Hades does not equal Gehenna. By studying the verses referring to Hades and Gehenna, the differences between Hades and Gehenna can be understood. They are separate places and understanding their parts in God's plan will provide a better understanding of the urgency of saving lost souls.

The following subjects will be discussed to understand the differences between Hades and Gehenna.

1. Location

2. Timing

3. Entities present

4. Eternal companions

5. External Conditions

6. Internal Conditions

Because the definition of hell is not consistent throughout the scriptures, the word "hell" will only be used in quoted scriptures from the King James Version of the Bible and the word "hell" will not be used in the comments regarding the scriptures.

1. LOCATION.

The location of Hades (Sheol) was provided by Jesus in Matthew 12:40.

"For as Jonas was three days, and three nights in the whale's belly: so shall the son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth."

While on the cross, one of the malefactors who was hanged next to Jesus stated: "Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? and we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom". Matthew 23: 40-42

" And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise." Matthew 23:43

Jesus had stated both that he was going to the heart of the earth and that we was going to paradise. Paradise, therefore, at the time of the crucifixion of Jesus was in the heart of the earth. This conclusion is confirmed by the scripture written by Paul.

"Wherefore he saith, when he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth? He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.) Ephesians 4:8-10

In Luke 16, Jesus, while still on earth before his crucifixion, had described Hades (Sheol). At that time, Hades (Sheol) included Paradise (also known as Abraham's bosom) and the area of torment in flame.

"And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried; And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off , and Lazarus in his bosom. And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame. But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedest thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented." Luke 16: 22-25

As stated above in Ephesians 4:8-10, Jesus ascended after he had descended in the lower parts of the earth. At that time, Jesus took the souls that had been captive in Hades (Sheol) and rose again. This would have included the soul as David. David had prophesied this in Psalms 16:10 and Psalms 49:15 as discussed above. When Jesus rose again, the souls of saints were reunited with their bodies.

"And the graves were opened: and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many." Matthew 27:52-53

Paul had explained that Jesus would be the firstborn of the resurrection.

"And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in all things he might have the preeminence." Colossians 1:18

Paul further explained that others would also be resurrected in order.

"For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. But every man in his order: Christ the first fruits: afterward they that are Christ's at his coming." I Corinthians 15:22-23

When Jesus ascended from the lower parts of the earth, he not only took the souls of those in paradise, he also took paradise. Paul discussed paradise in II Corinthians.

"And I knew such a man, (whether in the body, or out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;) How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter. Of such an one will I glory: yet of myself I will not glory, but in mine infirmities." II Corinthians 12:3-5

Paul was clearly referring to Jesus when he stated that "of such an one will I glory". Paul had stated that he would not glory in any but Jesus Christ.

"But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross or our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world." Ephesians 6:14

Prior to the conversion of Paul, but after the ascension of Jesus, Stephen had stated that he saw Jesus at the right hand of God.

"But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God, And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God." Acts 7:55-56

Since Paul saw Jesus in paradise after the resurrection and the ascension of Jesus, and Stephen had seen Jesus at the right hand of God, paradise had moved from the heart of the earth to the presence of God.

The area of torment in flame remained in Sheol after Jesus ascended from the lower parts of the earth and was resurrected.

When Jesus described the future everlasting eternity of those who did not believe in the name of the only begotten Son of God, he stated:

"But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth." Matthew 8:12

Jesus also stated that the future everlasting eternity of those who did not believe in the name of the only begotten Son of God would be in Gehenna.

"Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:" Matthew 25:41 "And these shall go away into everlasting punishment but the righteous into life eternal." Matthew 25:46

Conclusion: The location of Sheol is in the heart of the earth. Sheol included paradise (Abraham's bosom) and the area of torment in flame. Since Jesus descended into Sheol and took paradise and all saved souls in paradise; Sheol, which at the present time remains in the heart of the earth, has only the area of torment in flame remaining. Paradise is now in the presence of God. The location of Gehenna is in outer darkness. Because God is light, this location must be far from the presence of God.

2. TIMING.

After the thousand year reign of Jesus Christ on earth , Satan shall be loosed out of his prison to tempt those that are on earth.

"And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea." Revelation 20:7-8

When Satan and his forces are defeated, Satan will be cast into Gehenna.

"And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night forever and ever." Revelation 20:10

The unsaved souls that remain in the heart of the earth in the area of torment in flame of Sheol will be delivered up to judgment. The bodies of the unsaved souls will be reunited with the unsaved souls.

"And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works." Revelation 20:13

After the area of torment in flame of Sheol has delivered up the unsaved souls, Sheol will be moved from the heart of the earth and be cast into Gehenna.

"And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death." Revelation 20:14

The unsaved souls that had been delivered up from the area of torment in flame of Sheol with their bodies will also be cast into Gehenna after the judgment.

"And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire." Revelation 20:15

"And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell." Matthew 10:28 (Hell in this verse was Gehenna in the original Greek.)

After both paradise and the area of torment in flame of Sheol have been delivered out of the heart of the earth, the earth will be destroyed.

"But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements will melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up." II Peter 3:10

Conclusion: Sheol, which at the present time, only has the area of torment in flame and the unsaved souls, will deliver those unsaved souls to the judgment at the second resurrection. The bodies of the unsaved will be reunited with the souls for the judgment. "Death", the soul and body of the unsaved, will be cast into Gehenna. The area of torment in flame of Sheol will then be cast into Gehenna. The earth and all of its contents will then be completely burned up.

3. Entities present.

In the Old Testament, prior to the redemption of Jesus Christ, Sheol in the heart of the earth included the souls of all men. The description of Sheol was provided by Jesus Christ in Luke 16. Only Jesus Christ, who is God made flesh, would have detailed knowledge of Sheol.

The description in Luke 16 provides knowledge of Sheol to man. The rich man in torment in flame was fully conscious with the ability to see, talk, and experience torment and thirst. The unsaved soul has conscious existence.

"And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue: for I am tormented in this flame." Luke 16:24

There are no bodies in Sheol. David stated that his soul would not be left in Sheol. After his death, his body was buried on earth.

"For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption." Psalms 16:10

"So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David." I Kings 2:10

Likewise, after the death of Jesus on the cross, the soul of Jesus went to Paradise in Sheol, but his body remained on the earth.

"And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise." Luke 23:43

"This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid." Luke 23:52-53

The one entity that has never been to Sheol is Satan. There are verses that describe the location of Satan but none state that he has been to Sheol.

"And the Lord said unto Satan, From whence comest thou? And Satan answered the Lord, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it." Job 1:7

"Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour." I Peter 5:8

After Jesus went to paradise, took paradise and all the saved souls with him when he was resurrected, the only entities that remained in Sheol in the area of torment in flame were the unsaved souls. Why would Satan take the time to go to Sheol when only unsaved souls were there? It is too late for unsaved souls in Sheol to change their future.

"And it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment." Hebrews 9:27

The fact that Satan has never been to the area of torment in flame in Sheol was a difficult concept for the editor to accept. Society has often pictured Satan as the one in charge of the area of torment in flame in Sheol. It should be recalled at this point that the word Sheol in Hebrew is the same as the word Hades in Greek. Society often equates Hades with the area where Satan torments his conquests. The scripture that provided the editor with the insight that Satan has never been to Sheol (Hades) is below.

"Then he said, I pray thee therefore, father, that thou wouldest send him to my father's house: For I have five brethern: that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment." Luke 16:27-28

These verses state the sentiments of the unsaved soul of the rich man. They were words of compassion and concern for his brothers such that they might avoid torment. If Sheol were controlled by Satan and his lies, these words and desires would never have been stated. Luke 16:27-28 provides evidence that Sheol is controlled by God and truth.

Isaiah 14:9 is a verse that may cause confusion and might suggest to some that Satan does go to Sheol. However, a close examination of this verse combined that the knowledge of Revelation 20:10 and Revelation 20:14 will provide clarity.

"Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations." Isaiah 14:9

"And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night forever and ever." Revelation 20:10

"And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death." Revelation 20:14

Jesus in Matthew 25:41 stated that Gehenna was prepared for the devil and his angels.

"Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:" Matthew 25:41

Satan was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, Gehenna, according to Rev. 20:10. Isaiah 14:9 states that the area of torment in flame of Sheol will be moved from beneath to meet thee at thy coming. Since the area of torment in flame of Sheol was cast into the lake of fire according to Rev. 20:14, and Satan had recently arrived at Gehenna, Isaiah 14:9 is fulfilled. Sheol goes to the residence of Satan-Gehenna.

Conclusion: Prior to the death of Jesus, Sheol included both the saved souls in paradise and the unsaved souls in the area of torment in flame. After the resurrection of Jesus, only the unsaved souls in the area of torment in flame remained in Sheol. Satan has never been to Sheol. Just prior to the judgment of the unsaved souls with their reunited bodies, Satan will be cast into Gehenna. At the second death, both the unsaved souls from the area of torment in flame in Sheol with their reunited bodies, and the area of torment in flame of Sheol will be cast into Gehenna to meet Satan.

4. Eternal Companions.

In Mark 9:47-48, Jesus described worms in his discussion of Gehenna.

"And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out: it is better for thee to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye, than having two eyes to be cast in hell fire: Where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched." Mark 9:47-48 (Hell in this verse was Gehenna in the original Greek.)

One commentary stated that Jesus was trying to convey the exclusion of the hope of restoration, the punishment being eternal in these verses. The question that comes to mind is: Why did he use worms in this description? Research reveals that the Greek word translated in this verse to mean worm was "skolex". The definition of "skolex" is "a worm which preys upon dead bodies". Careful examination of the scriptures reveals that "worms" were only used in reference to Gehenna, not Sheol. As stated above, the area of torment in flame of Sheol was the abode of unsaved souls, not bodies. Gehenna was the final everlasting place of punishment for unsaved souls with their dead bodies. The reality is that Jesus was not speaking figuratively but literally.

As stated in Isaiah 14:9, Satan will be cast into Gehenna and hell from beneath will be moved to meet Satan. The description of Satan in Isaiah 14:11 is consistent with the worms that Jesus described in Mark 9:47-48. This description includes location of the worms on the body of Lucifer. This verse is conveying more than the idea that punishment is eternal.

"Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee. How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!" Isaiah 14:11-12

Lucifer, also known as Satan, began as a beautifully adorned Cherub. Lucifer has definitely fallen to have worms under him and covering him.

"Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire." Ezekiel 28:13-15

Isaiah also described the everlasting area of punishment as a place where dead bodies were infested with worms.

"And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched: and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh." Isaiah 66:24

Conclusion: Worms that prey on dead bodies will be always present on the dead bodies of unsaved souls in Gehenna.

5. External Condition.

As has discussed above, unsaved souls will be in an area of torment in flame in Sheol. Luke 16:24. Gehenna was described in Rev. 20:10 as a lake of fire and brimstone.

"And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night forever and ever." Revelation 20:10

Brimstone alone is not mentioned. Brimstone and fire are described together in the scriptures. Even at the time of Sodom and Gomorrah, brimstone and fire were sent from heaven.

"Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven." Genesis 19:24

Knowledge about brimstone, a stone found on earth, will provide a better understanding for the addition of fire. Brimstone is a lemon-yellow colored stone, commonly known as sulphur. The word brimstone means the stone that burns. When brimstone is exposed to air, nothing happens, but when it is exposed to fire, it burns in a peculiar way, like a liquid fire. Brimstone exposed to fire is an obvious choice to form a lake of fire. In addition, the liquid fire emits an irritating noxious fume that causes a choking feeling that is unbearable.

Conclusion: Unsaved souls with their dead bodies will be in a lake of fire that will never stop burning. The fumes will continually irritate the dead bodies. (Remember that a soul and body are dead when the spirit of God is not present. A dead body and soul do not mean nonexistence. The unsaved soul in Sheol was fully conscious and capable of experiencing torment.)

6. Internal Condition.

When God created man, God gave man the gift of choice. Jesus described this gift of choice in Matthew 6:24.

"No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other: or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon." Matthew 6:24

The important point of this description of choice is: the choice is who to serve. There was not choice to be a sovereign individual although Satan does not mind if an individual believes he is sovereign. The reality is man is limited by the constraints of the circumstances allowed by God. A person may want to fly. This person can stand up, and flap his arms like a bird. This person will not fly. The Bible states the reality of man's position in the following manner.

"O Lord, I know that the way of man is not in himself: it is not in man that walketh to direct his steps." Jeremiah 10:23

In other words, man will be directed by some other entity. The question is: will that entity be God or mammon?(mammon is an Aramaic work for riches.) The saved individual will serve God and be directed by his leading. The following verses demonstrate that promise.

"Trust in the Lord with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths." Proverbs 3:5-6

"The steps of a good man are ordered by the Lord: and he delighteth in his way." Psalms 37:23

"The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want. He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters. He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake." Psalms 23:1-3

The key question is what happens to the man who chooses not to serve God? This question is answered in Romans 1:21-25, 28.

"Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen" Romans 1:21-25

"And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient." Romans 1:28

What is a reprobate mind? God has rejected and unapproved that mind. Saul in the Old Testament was rejected by God because Saul rebelled against God.

First, Saul was anointed to be King after he had been chosen by God.

"And the spirit of the Lord will come upon thee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man." I Samuel 10:6

Later, while King, Saul disobeyed God. Instead of repenting, Saul tried to justify his sin.

"But the people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the chief of the things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice unto the Lord thy God in Gilgal." I Samuel 15:21

God responded to this rebellion by Saul.

"For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the Lord, he hath also rejected thee from being King." I Samuel 15:23

In addition to rejecting Saul from being King, God also departed from Saul.

"But the spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord troubled him." I Samuel 16:14

In addition to departing from Saul, God would not answer Saul when Saul inquired from God.

"And Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me not more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I have called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do." I Samuel 28:15

If God has rejected a person, because that person has first rejected God, and man cannot direct his own steps, who directs that man?

Mind control is an example of an ability possessed by created beings in nature. There are many organisms in nature that possess limited abilities to control the thoughts of other creatures.

One example of a creation in this world that helps one to understand the power of mind control is toxoplasmosis. Toxoplasmosis is a parasite. Many will recognize this parasite because it is able to cause fetal brain damage and death. Therefore, pregnant women are advised to avoid cat litter. This parasite only reproduces in the cat. When the cat defecates, the parasite, toxoplasmosis, contaminates the soil. Cattle, pigs, and rodents such as rats become infected by the contaminated soil. In France, for example, where steak is served so rare ( one has to catch it before it crawls off the plate) 55% of the population become infected with toxaplasmosis. When a rat becomes infected, the parasite, toxoplasmosis has only one goal. It needs to get back to a cat to reproduce. Toxoplasmosis goes to the brain of the rat and concentrates in the area that makes dopamine. Dopamine is a brain chemical that is involved in emotions such as fear, pleasure and attention. The increased levels of dopamine destroy the rat's inborn fear of cats. When the rat sees a cat, it has been rewired to believe that the cat is its friend. The rat goes towards the cat, and the cat eats the rat.

When a person has chosen not to serve God, that man is directed by Satan.

" Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience." Ephesians 2:2

Jesus described Satan in the following way:

"Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is not truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it." John 8:44

Above, the example of the power of a parasite was discussed. Toxoplasmosis has the capability to invade the brain and alter the rat's thought processes to do what is in the best interest of toxoplasmosis but results in death to the rat. This creation demonstrates that thought processes can be altered. If toxoplasmosis can cause the rat to go towards its predator rather than run, how easy it is to understand that when man has a reprobate mind, Satan the father of all lies, will direct that man to his eternal death.

The gift of choice is a gift with an expiration date. In other words, it is a time limited offer.

"And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:" Hebrews 9:27

After the unsaved soul dies, that soul goes to the area of torment in flame in Sheol. Although judgment has not occurred yet, the holding area for the unsaved soul is the area of torment in flame in Sheol because they are already condemned. This area is in the control of God, not Satan. This is an area of retribution for not believing in Jesus Christ. Truth prevails.

"He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God." John 3:18

After the millennium, and after Satan has been cast into Gehenna, the unsaved soul will be reunited with the dead body. Just as it is stated in Hebrews 9:27, after the death of man, the judgment will occur.

Revelation 20:12. "And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works." Revelation 20:12

However, Revelation 20:5 states that the unsaved soul with his body will live again.

"But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection." Revelation 20:5

Why will the unsaved soul with his body live again? To answer this question, the definition of death must be known.

"For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also." James 2:26

Death is defined as lack of spirit. When man dies, including the unsaved man, his spirit returns to God.

"Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it." Ecclesiastes 12:7

God has stated on multiple occasions that every man will confess that Jesus is Lord.

"I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear. Surely, shall one say, in the Lord have I righteousness and strength: even to him shall men come; and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed." Isaiah 45:23-24

"And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the Lord." Isaiah 66:23

"Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father." Philippians 2:9-11

The unsaved soul with the reunited dead body does not have truth.

"He that saith, I know him and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar and the truth is not in him." I John 2:4

Why will the unsaved soul with his body live again? In order for the unsaved soul with the reunited dead body to receive the truth, he must have the Spirit of God. By virtue of receiving the Spirit of God again, man lives again.

"Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God." I Corinthians 2:12

Once the unsaved soul with the reunited body receives the Spirit of God, the truth will be recognized. Then the unsaved man who lives again will be able to confess that Jesus Christ is Lord.

"Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost." I Corinthians 12:3

After the judgment, and after the unsaved man has lived again and received the truth and acknowledged the truth, the Spirit of God will again return to God who gave it. Then, the unsaved soul, again dead, and the dead body and will be cast into the lake of fire.

"And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire." Revelation 20:14-15

The acknowledgement that Jesus Christ is Lord is the truth that will remain with the unsaved dead soul and the dead body forever and ever. The recognition of this truth will result in weeping and gnashing of teeth.

"But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth." Matthew 8:12

Conclusion: The internal condition of both the area of torment in fire of Sheol and Gehenna is truth. When Satan is cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, the last lie has been spoken. Although the unsaved soul with or without the reunited dead body, has no truth in him, at the second resurrection, after the judgment, he will live again and the Spirit of God will provide the unsaved soul with the truth that the unsaved soul had "not liked to retain in his knowledge". The unsaved soul with the reunited body will bow and confess that Jesus Christ is Lord. The Spirit of God will depart; that is the second death. The unsaved soul with the reunited dead body will exist eternally, suffering the consequences of denying the truth while on earth, and knowing the truth-Jesus Christ is Lord.

The good news is God is not willing that any should perish.

"The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance." II Peter 3:9

God looks on the heart, the thoughts and intents of each person.

".., for the Lord seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the Lord looketh on the heart." I Samuel 16:7

Anyone reading this discussion, should take advantage of the God given gift of choice and choose to serve the Lord. Seek the Lord.

"But if from thence thou shalt seek the Lord thy God, thou shalt find him, if thou seek him with all thy heart and with all thy soul." Deuteronomy 4:29

Written by Karen R. Bowman
August 15, 2017

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